• Stephen Bocking

    Professor, Trent School of the Environment

    Welcome! I'm a professor of environmental policy and history at Trent University. I have been at Trent since 1994. Before that I was at the University of British Columbia (for a year), and I taught briefly at York University and the University of Toronto, where I studied biology and the history of science.


    I teach courses in environmental science and politics, environmental history, and global political ecology. In my research I study various aspects of environmental science and politics, both historically and in contemporary contexts.


    Until 2016 I was also Director of the Trent School of the Environment. We are Canada's leading undergraduate environmental unit, providing a wide array of study options, including more than 100 courses, as well as 12 degree programs. While I was TSE Director and Chair of the ERS Program (the TSE's predecessor) I designed and built our new Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems Program. The SAFS Program offers B.Sc and B.A degrees, providing a distinctive environmental and social perspective on food and agriculture.


    If you would like any more information about my work, you are welcome to explore this website, or contact me anytime. And if you wish, you're very welcome to check out my blog, Environment, History, Science, or follow me on twitter (@BockingStephen).

  • Teaching

    I've taught a variety of courses at Trent, but at the moment I'm teaching these three courses.

    Environmental Science and Politics (ERST-POST 2100H)

    This course considers the roles of science in environmental politics. While science is widely considered essential to understanding and solving environmental challenges, this is one of the few courses anywhere that focuses on how scientific knowledge, expertise, and authority are used in practical contexts. The course is intended for students in both environmental science and environmental studies.

    Here is the current syllabus, for Winter 2019.

    Environment and Development (ERST-IDST-POST-SAFS 3602H)

    This course is about environment and development issues in the Global South. I discuss a range of topics, such as forests, dams (a special interest of mine), the global food trade and agricultural innovation, Indian and Chinese climate policy, and urban affairs. Most students are either in environmental studies, international development studies, or sustainable agricultural and food systems.

    Here is the current syllabus, for Winter 2019.

    Environmental History (ERST-CAST-HIST 4670H)

    This course is about environmental history. I focus mainly on Canadian environmental history, but draw on issues and literature from elsewhere whenever appropriate. I put a strong emphasis on historical research techniques, and we spend significant time out in the field, because the Trent campus itself has a rich environmental history of settlement, logging, agriculture and other activities.

    Here is the most recent syllabus, for Fall 2017.

  • Research Projects

    In my research my focus is on the roles and meanings of science in environmental politics. I examine this both historically and through case studies of contemporary environmental issues. Here are some current research projects.

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    History of Northern Knowledge

    A political and environmental history of knowledge (scientific and Indigenous) in northern Canada since the 1940s.

    This page provides more information. This project has been supported by SSHRC.

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    Cold Science

    In this project I'm working with Daniel Heidt to edit a book on the history of Cold War science in North America.

    This project is supported by SSHRC, Trent University, and several other funders.

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    Science and Politics of Salmon Farming

    A study of the history and politics of the science of salmon farming, mainly in Canada, but with attention as well to western Europe.

    This page provides more information.

    This project is supported by SSHRC.

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    History of Global and Local Nature Conservation

    An environmental history of conservation science (conservation biology, ecology, and related fields).

    This project has been supported by SSHRC.

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    Environmental History of South Central Ontario

    A study of the environmental history of the Peterborough region.

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    The Environmental History of Toronto

    A study of the place of scientific expertise in the environmental history of a city.

  • Books

    Books that I've written or edited.

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    Cold Science

    Environmental Knowledge in the North American Arctic during the Cold War (2019)

    I co-edited this book with Dr. Dan Heidt, a Roberta Bondar Postdoctoral Fellow at Trent. Originally based on an international workshop that we hosted at Trent in April 2016, it presents a range of historical perspectives on Arctic science during the Cold War in the United States, Canada, and Greenland. It was published in March 2019 by Routledge Press.

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    Ice Blink

    Navigating Northern Environmental History (2017)

    I co-edited this book with Brad Martin of Capilano University. It was published in 2017 by the University of Calgary Press. It presents a wide range of perspectives on the environmental history of northern Canada. Here's the synopsis from the UCP. It's open-access, and available for free from the UCP site.

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    Urban Explorations

    Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region (2013)

    Anders Sandberg, Colin Coates, Ken Cruikshank and I assembled this volume for the 2013 American Society for Environmental History conference in Toronto. It includes more than a dozen chapters on aspects of the environmental history of Toronto, with each chapter organized as a walking tour.

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    Nature's Experts

    Science, Politics and the Environment (2004)

    In this book I examined how science is actually used in environmental policy and politics. It was originally inspired by my Environmental Science and Politics course, and I used it as the textbook for that course for about a decade. I examine several aspects of this issue, including science and environmental values, natural resource management, the science of risk, science and climate change, and science and democracy. As far as I know, it's still the only textbook out there that focuses on the roles of science in policy (which surprises me).

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    Biodiversity in Canada

    Ecology, Ideas, and Actions (2000)

    This edited collection brings together a large number of authors from academia, environmental organizations, and elsewhere to examine all aspects of the biodiversity issue in Canada: history, science, policy, parks, ethics, the law and economics.

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    Ecologists and Environmental Politics

    A History of Contemporary Ecology (1997)

    This aim of this book (originally my doctoral dissertation, but heavily revised) was to determine what kinds of connections there were between ecological science and environmental politics. It's been widely assumed that ecology was the "intellectual inspiration" for environmentalism, but I wanted to test that. I compared the history of ecology in three countries: the United Kingdom (the Nature Conservancy), the United States (Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study), and Canada (Great Lakes science at the University of Toronto and the Ontario government).

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    Aquatic Science in Canada

    A Case Study of Research in the Mackenzie Basin (1995)

    This text (definitely a rare book) was the product of a year I spent after graduation at the University of British Columbia, as a contract researcher for the Royal Society of Canada. They wanted to evaluate how effectively science in Northwest Canada has responded to evolving environmental and social issues. I used that issue as a springboard to think about more general issues about the place of science in society.

  • Publications


    Leif Fredrickson, Christopher Sellers, Lindsey Dillon, Jennifer Liss Ohayon, Nicholas Shapiro, Marianne Sullivan, Stephen Bocking, Phil Brown, Vanessa de la Rosa, Jill Harrison, Sara Johns, Katherine Kulik, Rebecca Lave, Michelle Murphy, Liza Piper, Lauren Richter and Sara Wylie, "History of US Presidential Assaults on Modern Environmental Health Protection," American Journal of Public Health, 2018, 108 (no. S2), Supplement 2: S95-S103.


    Christopher J. Lemieux, Mark Groulx, Stephen Bocking and Tom J. Beechey, “Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Canada’s Protected Areas Organizations: Implications for Management Effectiveness,” FACETS, 2018, 3: 392-414. doi: 10.1139/facets-2017-0107.


    “Science and Conservation: A History of Natural and Political Landscapes,” Environmental Science and Policy, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.01.019.


    Review of Border Flows: A Century of the Canadian-American Water Relationship, Scientia Canadensis, 2018, 40(1): 104-105.


    Review of Unfreezing the Arctic: Science, Colonialism, and the Transformation of Inuit Lands, Canadian Journal of History, 2018, 53(1): 123-124.


    Ice Blink: Navigating Northern Environmental History, (edited book, 14 chapters), co-edited with Brad Martin. (University of Calgary Press, 2017), 526 pp.


    "Navigating Northern Environmental History," in: S. Bocking & B. Martin, eds., Ice Blink: Navigating Northern Environmental History, (University of Calgary Press, 2017), pp. 3-32.


    "Toxic Surprises: Contaminants and Knowledge in the Northern Environment," in: S. Bocking & B. Martin, eds., Ice Blink: Navigating Northern Environmental History, (University of Calgary Press, 2017), pp. 421-464.


    "Encounters in Northern Environmental History," in: S. Bocking & B. Martin, eds., Ice Blink: Navigating Northern Environmental History, (University of Calgary Press, 2017), pp. 499-514.


    "The cycling historian: Exploring environmental history on two wheels," in: J. Thorpe, S. Rutherford, L. A. Sandberg, eds., Methodological Challenges in Nature-Culture and Environmental History Research, (Routledge, 2017), pp. 214-230.


    C. Sellers, L. Dillon, J. L. Ohayon, N. Shapiro, M. Sullivan, C. Amoss, S. Bocking, P. Brown, V. De la Rosa, J. Harrison, S. Johns, K. Kulik, R. Lave, M. Murphy, L. Piper, L. Richter, S. Wylie. The EPA Under Siege: Trump's Assault in History and Testimony. Environmental Data & Governance Initiative, 2017. https://100days.envirodatagov.org/epa-under-siege/.


    "Preface to the 2017 Edition," in: Ecologists and Environmental Politics: A History of Contemporary Ecology (West Virginia University Press, 2017), pp. vii-x.


    Review of Dispatches from Continent Seven: An Anthology of Antarctic Science, Isis, 2017, 108(2): 429-430


    W. Knight & S. Bocking, "Fisheries, Invasive Species, and the Formation and Fracturing of the Great Lakes System," The Canadian Geographer, 2016, 60(4): 446-457..


    "Science and Canadian Environmental Policy," in: D. L. VanNijnatten, ed., Canadian Environmental Policy and Politics: The Challenges of Austerity and Ambivalence, (Oxford University Press, 2016), pp. 97-111.


    Review of: A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North: Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870-1939, University of Toronto Quarterly, 2016, 85(3): 333-334.


    Review of: Salmon: A Scientific Memoir, BC Studies, Spring 2016, No. 189: 188-189.


    "Ecological Concepts: Seeing, Placing, Imposing," Geoforum, 2015, 10.1016/j.geoforum.2015.08.014.


    Review of: Northscapes: History, Technology, and the Making of Northern Environments, Geographical Review, published online, December 2015: 1-4.


    Review of: The Social Metabolism: A Socio-Ecological Theory of Historical Change, Canadian Journal of History, 2015, 50(3): 655-656.


    Review of: Reclaiming the Don: An Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley, Canadian Field-Naturalist, 2015, 129(3): 302-303.


    Review of: Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism, Isis, 2015, 106(2): 452-453.


    Review of: Reclaiming the Don: An Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley, Canadian Historical Review, 2015, 96(3): 453-455.


    Review of: Extracted: How the Quest for Mineral Wealth is Plundering the Planet, Alternatives Journal, 2015, 41(2): 61.


    "Landscapes of Science," Otter Blog, Network in Canadian History and Environment, January 2015.


    "Corporate Science," in: B. S. Steel, ed., Science and Politics: An A-to-Z Guide to Issues and Controversies, (CQ Press, 2014), pp. 111-116.


    "Stories of People, Land, and Water: Using Spatial Technologies to Explore Regional Environmental History," in: J. Bonnell & M. Fortin, eds., Historical GIS Research in Canada, (University of Calgary Press, 2014), pp. 83-108 (with B. Znamirowski).


    Review of: Indigenous Knowledge -- Themes in Environmental History 3, Environment and History, 2014, 20(3): 466-468.


    Review of: An Environmental History of Canada, University of Toronto Quarterly, 2014, 83(2): 576-578.


    Review of: The Silwood Circle: A History of Ecology and the Making of Scientific Careers in Late Twentieth-Century Britain, Isis, 2014, 105(2): 461-462.


    Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region, (edited book, 17 chapters), co-edited with L. Anders Sandberg, Colin Coates, and Ken Cruikshank. (L. R. Wilson Institute for Canadian History, 2013), 356 pp.


    "Excerpt & Commentary: Eugene P. Odum's Fundamentals of Ecology (1953)," in: L. Robin, S. Sorlin, & P. Warde, eds., The Future of Nature: Documents of Global Change, (Yale University Press, 2013), pp. 233-244.


    "Situated yet Mobile: Examining the Environmental History of Arctic Ecological Science," in: D. Jørgensen, F. A. Jørgensen, & S. B. Pritchard, eds., New Natures: Joining Environmental History with Science and Technology Studies, (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2013), pp. 164-178.


    "The Ecosystem: Research and Practice in North America," Web Ecology, 2013, 13: 43-47; doi:10.5194/we-13-43-2013.


    L. A. Sandberg, S. Bocking, C. Coates, K. Cruikshank, "Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region," in: Sandberg, et al., eds., Urban Explorations: Environmental Histories of the Toronto Region (L. R. Wilson Institute for Canadian History, 2013), pp. 3-13.


    "Science and Society: The Structures of Scientific Advice." Review of The Politics of Scientific Advice: Institutional Design for Quality Assurance; Governing the Air: The Dynamics of Science, Policy, and Citizen Interaction; Science Without Boundaries: Interdisciplinarity in Research, Society, and Politics. Global Environmental Politics, 2013, 13(2): 154-159.


    "Nature on the Home Front: British Ecologists' Advocacy for Science and Conservation," Environment and History, 2012, 18: 261-281.


    "Schindler's Pissed: an Interview with David Schindler," Alternatives Journal, 2012, 38(5): 19-23.


    Review of: Science and the Social Good: Nature, Culture, and Community, 1865-1965, Isis, 2012, 103(3): 604-605.


    Review of Toxic Bodies: Hormone Disruptors and the Legacy of DES. H-Environment Roundtable Review, April 2012, Vol. 2(2).


    "Indigenous Knowledge and the History of Science, Race, and Colonial Authority in Northern Canada," in: A. Baldwin, L. Cameron, & A. Kobayashi, eds., Rethinking the Great White North: Race, Nature, and the Historical Geographies of Whiteness in Canada, (University of British Columbia Press, 2011), pp. 39-61.


    "Science, Salmon, and Sea Lice: Constructing Practice and Place in an Environmental Controversy," Journal of the History of Biology, published online 19 August 2011, DOI 10.1007/s10739-011-9299-z. 36 pp.


    "Farming Salmon in a Crowded Wilderness: Exploring the History of Aquaculture Science in British Columbia, Canada," in: G. Massard-Guilbaud & S. Mosley, eds. Common Ground: Integrating the Social and Environmental in History, (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011).


    "The Evolution of Theory: 10 Ways Science is Changing our World," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 37(6), 2011: 24-27.


    "Our Wicked Addiction: Any intelligent discussion about the tar sands must explore the murky implications of ending their growth," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 37(5), 2011: 16-19.


    Review of: Landing Native Fisheries: Indian Reserves and Fishing Rights in British Columbia, 1849-1925. The Canadian Geographer, 2011, 55(2): 264-265.


    Review of: The Oyster Question: Scientists, Watermen, and the Maryland Chesapeake Bay since 1880. Isis, 2011, 102(1): 147-148.


    "Mobile Knowledge and the Media: The Movement of Scientific Information in the Context of Environmental Controversy," Public Understanding of Science, published online 5 December 2010. DOI: 10.1177/0963662510389977.


    "Organising the Field: Collaboration in the History of Ecology and Environmental Science," in: J. N. Parker, N. Vermeulen & B. Penders, eds. Collaboration in the New Life Sciences, (Ashgate, 2010), pp. 15-36.

    "Seeking the Arctic: Science and Perceptions of Northern Canada," The Dalhousie Review, Spring 2010, 90(1): 61-74.


    "Biodiversity in Time," Alternatives Journal, 2010, 36(6): 24-25.


    Review of: Negotiating Environment and Science: An Insider's View of International Agreements, from Driftnets to the Space Station, Global Environmental Politics, 2010, 10(3): 154-155.


    "Science Friction: New novels by Atwood and Coupland allow readers to explore the future while confronting the present," Review of: Generation A (Douglas Coupland), and The Year of the Flood (Margaret Atwood). Alternatives Journal, 2010, 36(3): 9-10.


    Review of: Innovation, Science, Environment: Charting Sustainable Development in Canada, 1987-2007, Alternatives Journal, 2010, 36(1): 36-38.


    "A Disciplined Geography: Aviation, Science, and the Cold War in Northern Canada, 1945-1960," Technology and Culture, 2009, 50: 320-345.


    "Environmentalism," in: P. J. Bowler & J. V. Pickstone, eds. The Cambridge History of Science, Vol. 6, The Modern Biological and Earth Sciences (Cambridge University Press, 2009).


    "Defining Effective Science for Canadian Environmental Policy Leadership," in: D. L. VanNijnatten & R. Boardman, eds. Canadian Environmental Policy and Politics: Prospects for Leadership and Innovation, (Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 64-76.


    "Leopold's Challenge," Alternatives Journal, 2009, 35(4): 12-17.


    "Salmon Aquaculture: Prospects for Effective Science in an Environmental Controversy," Aquaculture Canada Annual Meeting. Proceedings of Contributed Papers, AAC Special Publication No. 15, 2009: 14-17.


    "Skewing Science: Four new books expose how government and industry manipulate science to fit their needs," Review of: Diagnosis: Mercury: Money, Politics and Poison; The Secret History of the War on Cancer; Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research; Doubt Is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health, Alternatives Journal, 2009: 8-11.


    Review of: The Industrial Transformation of Subarctic Canada, The Northern Review, No. 31, Fall 2009.


    "Making Space for Species: Local and Global Challenges of Biodiversity," in: C. D. Gore & P. J. Stoett, eds. Environmental Challenges and Opportunities: Local-Global Perspectives on Canadian Issues, (Emond Montgomery, 2008), pp. 13-41.


    "Nature's Stories? Pursuing Science in Environmental History," in: A. MacEachern & W. J. Turkel, eds. Method & Meaning in Canadian Environmental History, (Nelson, 2008), pp. 294-310.


    "Getting Beyond the Bomb: on Paul Ehrlich's The Population Bomb," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 34(6), 2008: 29-30.

    "The Smallest Revolution," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 34(4), 2008: 30-32.


    "Working Words: From Carson to McKibben, Mowat to Monbiot, the environmental movement can be traced in the rich history of its books," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 34(2), 2008: 10-12.


    "Dansereau, Pierre Mackay," New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, (Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008), Vol. 2, 234-237.


    "Elton, Charles Sutherland," New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, (Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008), Vol. 2, 382-388.


    Review of: Transboundary Policy Challenges in the Pacific Border Regions of North America, American Review of Canadian Studies, Winter 2008: 515-517.


    Review of: Unlikely Environmentalists: Congress and Clean Water, 1945-1972, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 34(2), 2008: 299-300.


    Review of: Breathing Space: How Allergies Shape Our Lives and Landscapes, Isis, Vol. 99(2), 2008: 381-382.


    Review of: Shock Cities: The Environmental Transformation and Reform of Manchester and Chicago, Urban History Review, Vol. 36(2), 2008: 62-64.


    Review of: The Green State: Rethinking Democracy and Sovereignty, and Deliberative Environmental Politics: Democracy and Ecological Rationality, Human Ecology, Vol. 36, 2008: 301-302.


    "Science and Spaces in the Northern Environment," Environmental History, Vol. 12, 2007: 868-895.


    "Lier science et pratique: l'histoire du Programme de L'UNESCO sur l'homme et la biosphere," in: 60 ans d'histoire de l'UNESCO: Actes du colloque international, Paris, 16-18 novembre 2005, (Paris: UNESCO, 2007), pp. 389-393.


    "Wild or Farmed? Seeking Effective Science in a Controversial Environment," Spontaneous Generations, Vol. 1(1), 2007: 48-57.


    "Thomas Berger's Unfinished Revolution", Alternatives Journal, Vol. 33(2/3), 2007: 50-51.


    "The Silent Spring of Al Gore", Alternatives Journal, Vol. 33(1), 2007: 34-35.


    Review of: A Science on the Scales: The Rise of Canadian Atlantic Fisheries Biology, 1898-1939, Canadian Historical Review, Vol. 88(3), 2007: 509-510.


    Review of: All Creatures: Naturalists, Collectors, and Biodiversity, 1850-1950, Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 33, 2007: 909-911.


    "Constructing Urban Expertise: Professional and Political Authority in Toronto, 1940-1970," Journal of Urban History, Vol. 33(1), 2006: 51-76.


    "Big Business on Campus", Alternatives Journal, Vol. 32(2), 2006: 28-30.


    Review of: The Evolution of American Ecology, 1890-2000, Journal of the History of Biology, Vol. 39, 2006: 228-230.


    "Canadian Urban Environmental History, theme issue of the Urban History Review, Vol. 34(1), Fall 2005 (8 contributions).


    "Protecting the Rain Barrel: Discourses and the Roles of Science in a Suburban Environmental Controversy," Environmental Politics, Vol. 14(5), 2005: 611-628.


    “The Nature of Cities: Perspectives in Canadian Urban Environmental History,” Urban History Review, Vol. 34(1), 2005: 3-8.


    "The Ragged Edge of Success," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31(2), 2005: 10-13.


    "Gatekeeper or Helpful Counsel? Practices and Perceptions in Academic Peer Review," in: A. Meneley & D. J. Young, eds., Auto-Ethnographies: The Anthropology of Academic Practices, (Broadview Press, 2005), pp. 67-79.


    Gouin, T., Bocking, S. and Mackay, D., "Policy by analogy: precautionary principle, science and polybrominated diphenyl ethers," Int. J. Global Environmental Issues, Vol. 5 (1/2), 2005: 54-67.


    "Scientists and Evolving Perceptions of Indigenous Knowledge in Northern Canada," in U. Lischke & D. McNab, eds., Walking a Tightrope: Aboriginal People and Their Representations, (Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2005), pp. 215-247.

    "Unnatural Disaster: Katrina and the Tangled Relations Between Environment and Politics" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31(4/5), 2005: 36-39.


    "Arts and Science: The Creative Arts Ensemble takes a playful yet serious approach to biotechnology, but not everyone is amused" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31(1), 2005: 30-31.


    "Knowledge vs. Action: The most pressing problem in environmental studies" The Chronicle of Higher Education, Vol. 51(19), January 14, 2005: B2.


    "Environmentalism" In: Encyclopedia of the Arctic, ed. Mark Nuttall, (New York: Routledge, 2005), pp. 573-576.


    Review of: A Stain Upon the Sea: West Coast Salmon Farming, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31(4/5), 2005: 40-42.


    Review of: Nature and the City: Making Environmental Policy in Toronto and Los Angeles, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31(2), 2005: 36-37.


    Review of: Fish versus Power: An Environmental History of the Fraser River, Canadian Historical Review, Vol. 86(2): 2005: 359-362.


    Review of: The Last Refuge: Patriotism, Politics, and the Environment in an Age of Terror, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31(1): 2005: 37.


    Nature’s Experts: Science, Politics, and the Environment, (Rutgers University Press, 2004). 298 pp. Here are some reviews of Nature's Experts, in: Environmental History, Global Environmental Politics, Minerva, Nature, and Public Understanding of Science.


    "One Cheer for DDT? Forty years after Silent Spring, resurgent malaria gives new life to an old killer" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 30(4), 2004: 28-30.


    "Put Your Foot in It: It's time to review the usefulness of the 'ecological footprint' concept" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 30(2), 2004: 32-33.


    "Bush League Science" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 30(1), 2004: 32-33.


    "Empires of Ecology," Essay Review of: Imperial Ecology: Environmental order in the British Empire, 1895-1945, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 2004, 35: 793-801.


    Review of: Bringing Society Back In: Grassroots Ecosystem Management, Accountability, and Sustainable Communities, Quarterly Review of Biology, Vol. 79(4): 2004, 453.


    Review of: Taken By Storm: The Troubled Science, Policy and Politics of Climate Change, Canadian Public Policy, Vol. 30(3): 2004, 342-343..


    "Now That the Lights are Back On" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 29(4), 2003: 36-37.


    "Exposed by Efficiency: The SARS outbreak demonstrates our vulnerability to nature's unpredictability" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 29(3), 2003: 32-33.


    "Bottom Line Hooks Salmon Science" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 29(2), 2003: 39-40.


    "Betting on the Future" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, vol. 29(1), 2003: 42-43.


    "Different Places and Distinctive People" [editorial] Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(4), 2002/2003: 5-7.


    "Constructing Wildlife, Consuming Nature: Three Books in Canadian Environmental History," Essay Review of: Game in the Garden: A Human History of Wildlife in Western Canada to 1940; A Passion for Wildlife: The History of the Canadian Wildlife Service; Natural Selections: National Parks in Atlantic Canada, 1935-1970, Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine, Vol. 27, 2003: 85-93.


    Review of: Fishing the Great Lakes: An Environmental History, 1783 - 1933, Isis, Vol. 94(4): 2003, 736-737.


    Review of: Confronting Consumption, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 29(4), 2003: 53-54.


    Review of: Holistic Science: The Evolution of the Georgia Institute of Ecology (1940-2000), Journal of the History of Biology, Vol. 36, 2003: 209-210.


    Science and Politics in Canada, theme issue of the Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(3), Fall 2002 (12 contributions).


    History and the Canadian Environment: Interpretations and Transformations, theme sub-issue of the Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(2), Summer 2002 (4 contributions).


    "Agendas, Interests and Authority: Science and Politics in Canada" Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(3), 2002: 5-13.


    Linking Science and Policy for Urban Nonpoint Source Pollution in the Great Lakes Region. Prepared for the Science Policy Advisory board of the International Association for Great Lakes Research, November 2002.


    "Made in Canada / The Journal of Canadian Studies since the Millennium" [editorial] Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(2), 2002: 5-9.


    "Bison, Acid, and Budworms," Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(2), 2002: 89-92.


    "Experiments in Economics and Identity" [editorial] Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 37(1), 2002: 5-7.


    "Genetic Illusions" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, vol. 28(4), 2002: 11-12.


    "The Skeptical Con" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 28(3), 2002: 9-10.

    "The Moraine is About Politics, Not Science" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 28(2), 2002: 11-12.


    "One Rink, Two Solitudes, Three Nations, Four Regions" [editorial] Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 36(4), 2001/2002: 5-7.


    "The Environment After September 11" ["Political Science" column], Alternatives Journal, Vol. 28(1), 2002: 10-11.


    "George Perkins Marsh," In: Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Vol. 3, Causes and consequences of global environmental change, ed. I. Douglas, (Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2002), pp. 450-451.


    Review of: Marx's Ecology: Materialism and Nature, Isis, Vol. 93(1): 2002: 142-143.


    "The Politics of Endangered Species: A Historical Perspective" in: R. Boardman & K. Beazley, eds., The Politics of the Wild: Canada and Endangered Species, (Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 119-136.


    "Stocking the Great Lakes: Fish Culture in the 19th Century," Inland Seas, 2001, 57(1): 64-74.


    "Arctic Contaminants and Country Foods: Scientific and Indigenous Perspectives on Environmental Risks," Environmental Practice, 2001, 3(2): 103-112.


    Great Lakes Science & Policy: Strengthening the Connection; Report of a Survey of Great Lakes Policy Issues. Prepared for the Science Policy Advisory Board of the International Association for Great Lakes Research, June 2001.


    "That Moment in History" [editorial] Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 36(3), 2001: 5-6.


    "The Games Cities Play" [editorial] Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 36(2), 2001: 5-7.


    Review of: Eugene Odum: Ecosystem Ecologist and Environmentalist, Journal of the History of Biology, Vol. 34, 2001: 593-594.


    "Science and Politics"; Review of: Prediction: Science, Decision Making, and the Future of Nature, and Structure and Agent in the Scientific Diplomacy of Climate Change: An Empirical Case Study of Science-Policy Interaction in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Global Environmental Politics, Vol. 1(4), 2001: 108-114.


    Review of The Historical Ecology Handbook: A Restorationist's Guide to Reference Ecosystems, Environmental History, Vol. 6(4), 2001: 640-641.


    Review of Life Stories: World-Renowned Scientists Reflect on Their Lives and the Future of Life on Earth, Isis, Vol. 92(2), 2001: 417-418.


    Review of Australian environmental policy 2: Studies in decline and devolution, Environmental Reviews, Vol. 9, 2001: 127-128.


    Review of The Politics of Ecosystem Management, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 27(1), 2001: 34-35.


    Biodiversity in Canada: Ecology, Ideas, and Actions, (edited book, 18 chapters) (Broadview Press, 2000), 430 pp.


    "Encountering Biodiversity: Ecology, Ideas, and Actions," in S. Bocking, ed., Biodiversity in Canada: Ecology, Ideas, and Actions, (Broadview Press, 2000). pp. ix-xxv.


    "The Background to Biodiversity: A Brief History of Canadians and Their Living Environment," in S. Bocking, ed., Biodiversity in Canada: Ecology, Ideas, and Actions, (Broadview Press, 2000), pp. 3-30.


    Ideas and Attitudes about Groundwater Research in Ontario: Report on a Survey of Workshop Participants. Prepared for the Watershed Science Centre, Trent University/Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, February 2000.


    "Environmental and conservation concerns," In: The History of Science in the United States: An Encyclopedia (Routledge, 2000), 184-186.


    "Limnology," In: The History of Science in the United States: An Encyclopedia (Routledge, 2000), 318-319.


    "Packard, Alpheus Spring," In: The History of Science in the United States: An Encyclopedia (Routledge, 2000), 421-422.


    "Oak Ridges Moraine key to nature's balance" Peterborough Examiner, February 25, 2000.


    Review of Fishing Places, Fishing People: Traditions and Issues in Canadian Small-Scale Fisheries, Canadian Historical Review, Vol. 81(4), 2000: 718-720.


    Review of Public Participation in Environmental Decisions: Recent Developments in Hungary, Environmental Reviews, Vol. 8(1), 2000: 63-64.


    H. A. Regier, T. H. Whillans, W. J. Christie, S. A. Bocking, "Over-fishing in the Great Lakes: the context and history of the controversy," Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management, 1999, 2: 239-248.


    "Polar Conversations: Defining a Democratic Northern Foreign Policy," Behind the Headlines, Vol. 56(2), 1999: 16-22 (with E. Keeble).


    Report on Ideas and Attitudes of Participants, Ontario Workshop on Riverine Science Requirements. Prepared for Watershed Sciences Centre, Trent University/Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, September 1999.


    "Packard, Alpheus Spring," In: American National BiographyVol. 26 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 883-884.


    "Four Perspectives on the History of Science and the Environment in Canada," [editorial] Scientia Canadensis: Journal of the History of Canadian Science, Technology and Medicine, Vol. 22/23, 1998-1999: 3-5.


    "Treating the Causes," [editorial] Alternatives, Vol. 25(3), 1999: 1.


    Review of Cleaning Up the Great Lakes: From Cooperation to Confrontation, H-ASEH Reviews, November 1999.


    Review of Toward Sustainable Communities: resources for citizens and their governments, Local Environment, Vol. 4(3), 1999: 385-386.


    Review of Cross-Currents: Hydroelectricity and the Engineering of Northern Ontario, Scientia Canadensis, Vol. 22/23, 1998-1999: 157-159.


    Perspectives on the History of Science and the Environment in Canada, theme issue of Scientia Canadensis: Journal of the History of Canadian Science, Technology and Medicine, No. 51, Vol. 22/23, 1998/1999 (5 contributions).


    Encountering Development: A Teaching kit for instructors of university introductory courses in development studies, June 1998. (with three other authors).


    "Child of the Weekend Gets a Job," [editorial] Alternatives, Vol. 24(4), 1998: 1.


    "Economics demolish the Bakun Dam," Alternatives, Vol. 24(2), 1998: 3.


    Review of Hazards of the Job: From Industrial Disease to Environmental Health Science, Canadian Journal of History, Vol. 33, 1998: 153-154.



    Ecologists and Environmental Politics: A History of Contemporary Ecology, (Yale University Press, 1997). 271 pp.

    Biodiversity, theme issue of Alternatives Journal, Vol. 23(4), 1997 (5 contributions).


    "The Power Elite: The Politics and Ecology of Malaysia's Bakun Dam," Alternatives Journal, Vol. 23(2), 1997: 14-19.


    "Fishing the Inland Seas: Great Lakes Research, Fisheries Management and Environmental Policy in Ontario," Environmental History, Vol. 2(1), 1997: 52-73.


    The Bakun Dam: Case Study of a Development Project, 1997. 104 pp.


    "Nicholson, Henry Alleyne," "Rawson, Donald Strathearn," "Walker, Edmund Murton," "Wright, Robert Ramsay" In: Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists, ed. Keir B. Sterling et al., (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997), pp. 578-580, 666-668, 809-810, 834-836.


    "Diverse by Nature," [editorial] Alternatives, Vol. 23(4), 1997: 1.


    "Imperfect Pasts, Conflicting Presents, Sustainable Futures -- Recent Canadian Environmental Scholarship," Essay review of: The Greening of Canada: Federal Institutions and Decisions; Passing the Buck: Federalism and Canadian Environmental Policy; Fisheries and Uncertainty: A Precautionary Approach to Resource Management; Achieving Sustainable Development; Life in 2030: Exploring a Sustainable Future for Canada, Journal of Canadian Studies, Vol. 32(3), 1997: 172-182.


    Review of Environmental Values in American Culture, Global Biodiversity, Vol. 7(3), 1997: 43-44.


    Review of The Search for the Ultimate Sink: Urban Pollution in Historical Perspective, Alternatives, Vol. 23(4), 1997: 44-45.


    Review of Consuming Canada: Readings in Environmental History, Environmental History, Vol. 2(2), 1997: 240-241.


    Review of Greening the College Curriculum: A Guide to Environmental Teaching in the Liberal Arts, Alternatives, Vol. 23(2), 1997: 33..


    "Northern Science: Budgets Decline, as Environmental Concerns Increase," Alternatives, Vol. 22(4), 1996: 4.


    "Successful Green Initiatives at Risk in Ontario," Alternatives, Vol. 22(2), 1996: 9.


    Review of Too Good To Be True: Alcan's Kemano Completion Project, Alternatives, Vol. 22(4), 1996: 30-31.

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    Trent School of the Environment
    Trent University
    1600 West Bank Drive
    Peterborough, ON, K9L 0G2
    705 748-1011 x7883
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